Aug 5, 1980

Field-dispersion profiles of the proton spin-lattice relaxation rate in chloroplast suspensions. Effect of manganese extraction by EDTA, Tris, and hydroxylamine

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
R R Sharp, C F Yocum


Proton spin-lattice relaxation rates (R1) have been measured in a variety of dark-adapted chloroplast suspensions over a range of field stengths between 1 and 15 kG (4-65 MHz). When the effects of EDTA or Tris washing on chloroplast relaxivities are compared, the pool of Mn associated with oxygen evolution is seen not to contribute significantly to relaxivity. Instead, nearly all of the observed relaxivity, which is characterized by a paramagnetic maximum near 20.7 MHz in the field dispersion profile of R1, appears to arise from contaminating non-functional Mn(II) that can be removed by EDTA during the isolation procedure. These observations, which contradict previous reports ascribing chloroplast relaxivity to the water-oxidizing system, require a reevaluation of proposed models, derived from NMR studies, of the state of Mn in the water-splitting reaction. Chloroplasts from which loosely bound non-functional Mn has been removed by EDTA washing do show an enhancement of relaxivity when exposed to NH2OH at concentrations known to inactivate water oxidation. This NH2OH-induced relaxivity is comprised of Mn(II) in two distinct paramagnetic sites. One site is chelatable by EDTA, whereas the other site is not. This finding suggests ...Continue Reading

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