Field independence as a function of sex, sex-roles, and the sex-role appropriateness of the task

Perceptual and Motor Skills
E Balistreri, N A Busch-Rossnagel

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to explain the sex difference in field independence by reference to socialization factors. It was hypothesized that the sex-role appropriateness of the task as masculine or feminine-typed would influence the performance of masculine and feminine women in a manner congruent with their sex-role orientation. 28 pilot subjects and 100 subjects in Study 2 were equally divided between the sexes. Both studies used the Bem Sex-role Inventory, but different versions of the Embedded Figures Test. The over-all results suggested that feminine women varied their performance according to task appropriateness, although not always in a manner congruent with their sex-role orientation. Androgynous individuals and masculine men did not alter their performance.

References

Apr 1, 1974·Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology·S L Bem
Mar 1, 1970·The Journal of Psychology·C H Castore, R E Stafford

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