Dec 1, 1982

Filariasis in Amerindians of western Guyana with observations on transmission of Mansonella ozzardi by a Simulium species of the amazonicum group

Tropenmedizin Und Parasitologie
M B NathanP Munroe


In order to conduct experimental infection studies of Mansonella ozzardi in local haematophagous Diptera, volunteers infected with this parasite were identified during a microfilaria survey in four Amerindian villages in the Pakaraima Mountains of western Guyana, near the Brazilian border. M. ozzardi microfilariae were detected in thick blood smears from 8-21% of persons examined. They were also found in skin snips from 8/73 persons all of whom were positive by blood smear examination. No Onchocerca volvulus microfilariae were detected. Dipetalonema perstans infections were found in three of the four villages but prevalence rates were only 1-8%. Manbaited catches of haematophagous Diptera made at the onset of the dry season in one of the villages yielded only three Simulium species. After flies were engorged on infected volunteers, M. ozzardi larvae developed to the infective stage in 6-7 days in the most abundant species, a member of the Simulium amazonicum group. Man-biting rates of up to 156 per 15-minute period were recorded for this species in midday collections along river banks near one of the villages. Developing filariae, including infective larvae of M. ozzardi, were also found in wild-caught flies. It was concluded t...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Mansonella perstans
Acanthocheilonema Perstans Infection
Insect Vectors
Dipetalonema Infections
Blood Smear
Dipetalonema Perstans Infection
Simulium genus
Simulium subgenus

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