PMID: 46774Mar 1, 1975

Fine structure and distribution of extracellular polymer surrounding selected aerobic bacteria

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
G D Cagle

Abstract

The structure and distribution of extracellular polymer surrounding Bacillus circulans, Diplococcus (Streptococcus) pneumoniae, Streptococcus salivarius, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Herella vaginacola (Acinetobacter calcoaceticus), and Agrobacterium tumefaciens were studied by electron microscopy. A modified ruthenium red staining procedure was used to examine the fine structure of capsule and slime. Freeze-etching and critical-point drying were used to examine the quantity of unaltered exocellular material. Comparative data demonstrate that fibrillar extracellular polymer surrounding B. circulans, D. pneumoniae, and K. pneumoniae is capsule (cell wall attached) which is characteristic of the producing organism. Capsular polymer generally appeared fibrillar, although globular polymer consisted of capsular subunits bound to S. salivarius and H. vaginacola. Exocellular slime was present about S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, and A. tumefaciens.

References

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Related Concepts

Acinetobacter calcoaceticus
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (antigen)
Extracellular
Microbial Anatomical Capsule Structure
Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Aerobiosis
Thylacodes aureus
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Streptococcus
Genus staphylococcus

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