Fine structure, origin, and distribution density of the autonomic nerve endings in the tarsal muscle in the eyelid of the mouse

Cell and Tissue Research
T Yamashita, R Honjin


The fine structure, origin, and distribution density of the autonomic nerve endings in the tarsal muscle of the mouse were studied by histochemistry and electron microscopy. With histochemical methods, the fine nerve plexus in the normal muscle shows both catecholamine-positive varicose fibers and acetylcholinesterase-active varicose fibers. The former are distributed more densely than the latter. After superior cervical ganglionectomy, the catecholamine-positive fibers disappear, while after pterygopalatine ganglionectomy, the acetylcholinesterase-active fibers vanish. In electron micrographs, the varicosities appear as expansions containing many synaptic vesicles. The axonal expansions partly lack a Schwann sheath and directly face the pinocytotic vesicle-rich zones of the smooth muscle cells. A relatively wide space, 0.1 to 1.0 microns in width, lies between nerve expansion and muscle cell. The expansions can be classified into two types: Type I having small granular synaptic vesicles, and Type II having agranular vesicles instead of small granular synaptic vesicles. Type I undergoes degeneration after superior cervical ganglionectomy, while Type II degenerates after pterygopalatine ganglionectomy. This indicates that Type I...Continue Reading


Sep 1, 1990·Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System·P G SmithH Reddy
Oct 1, 1995·International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience·J Hiebert, P G Smith
Jul 1, 1994·Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy·E Simons, P G Smith
Mar 26, 2002·Autonomic Neuroscience : Basic & Clinical·Peter G SmithWohaib Hasan
May 9, 2012·Current Eye Research·Roberta M da Silva CostaJoseph L Demer
Nov 20, 2019·Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery·Ivan VrcekTanuj Nakra
Jan 29, 1996·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·P G Smith, Q Fan

Related Concepts

Adrenergic Fibers
Cholinergic Fibers
Eyelid Structure
Mice, Inbred Strains
Electron Microscopy
Mouse, Swiss

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.