Fistula between cystic artery pseudoaneurysm and cystic bile duct cause of acute anemia one year after laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part a
Jens HeynStefan Schmidbauer


We present a case of hemorrhage from a cystic artery pseudoaneurysm one year after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A 78-year-old male with a history of recurrent melena, hematemesis, and right upper abdominal pain was admitted to our emergency department. His blood pressure was 60/30 mm Hg with a pulse rate of 100 beats per minute. Hemoglobin was 7.6 g/dL and white blood cell count 19500/mm(3). Computed tomography scan of the abdomen and selective digital subtraction arteriography showed a pseudoaneurysm in the region of the former bed of the gallbladder. During gastroscopy, a pulsatile bleeding out of the papilla of Vater was found. Surgery by the open approach confirmed the presence of a cystic artery pseudoaneurysm and showed an additional fistula between the pseudoaneurysm and the cystic bile duct. Resection of the pseudoaneurysm and revision of the common bile duct with implantation of a T-tube was performed. The patient recovered well and was discharged from our hospital three weeks after surgery.


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