Oct 25, 2018

Fitness benefits of loss of heterozygosity in Saccharomyces hybrids

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Samuel M. LancasterMaitreya J Dunham

Abstract

With two genomes in the same organism, interspecific hybrids have unique opportunities and costs. In both plants and yeasts, wild, pathogenic, and domesticated hybrids may eliminate portions of one parental genome, a phenomenon known as loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Laboratory evolution of hybrid yeast recapitulates these results, with LOH occurring in just a few hundred generations of propagation. In this study, we systematically looked for alleles that are beneficial when lost in order to determine how prevalent this mode of adaptation may be, and to determine candidate loci that might underlie the benefits of larger-scale chromosome rearrangements. These aims were accomplished by mating Saccharomyces uvarum with the S. cerevisiae deletion collection to create hybrids, such that each nonessential S. cerevisiae allele is deleted. Competitive fitness assays of these pooled, barcoded, hemizygous strains, and accompanying controls, revealed a large number of loci for which LOH is beneficial. We found that the fitness effects of hemizygosity are dependent on the species context, the selective environment, and the species origin of the deleted allele. Further, we found that hybrids have a larger distribution of fitness consequences...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Laboratory Procedures
Genome
Pathogenic Organism
Environment
Gene Deletion Abnormality
Gene Deletion
Yeasts
Loss of Heterozygosity
Saccharomyces

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