Five factors can reconstitute all three phases of microtubule polymerization dynamics

The Journal of Cell Biology
Takashi Moriwaki, Gohta Goshima

Abstract

Cytoplasmic microtubules (MTs) undergo growth, shrinkage, and pausing. However, how MT polymerization cycles are produced and spatiotemporally regulated at a molecular level is unclear, as the entire cycle has not been recapitulated in vitro with defined components. In this study, we reconstituted dynamic MT plus end behavior involving all three phases by mixing tubulin with five Drosophila melanogaster proteins (EB1, XMAP215(Msps), Sentin, kinesin-13(Klp10A), and CLASP(Mast/Orbit)). When singly mixed with tubulin, CLASP(Mast/Orbit) strongly inhibited MT catastrophe and reduced the growth rate. However, in the presence of the other four factors, CLASP(Mast/Orbit) acted as an inducer of pausing. The mitotic kinase Plk1(Polo) modulated the activity of CLASP(Mast/Orbit) and kinesin-13(Klp10A) and increased the dynamic instability of MTs, reminiscent of mitotic cells. These results suggest that five conserved proteins constitute the core factors for creating dynamic MTs in cells and that Plk1-dependent phosphorylation is a crucial event for switching from the interphase to mitotic mode.

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Related Concepts

Klp10A
Study
PLK1 gene
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YARS2 gene
Cell Cycle Proteins
Genes
Interphase
Drosophila melanogaster Proteins
Protein Phosphorylation

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