Flap technique-assisted surgeries for advanced retinitis pigmentosa complicated with macular hole: a case report and literature review.

BMC Ophthalmology
Chia-Ying LeeTa-Ching Chen

Abstract

Full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) is a rare complication in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) patients and may increase intraoperative challenges. Furthermore, lens capsular flap transplantation and inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap were reported to close complicated FTMH successfully. Here, we present a case of bilateral advanced RP complicated by a FTMH treated with a novel lens capsular flap transplantation and inverted internal limiting membrane flap. A 46-year-old presented to our hospital with a complaint of progressively blurred vision and metamorphopsia in both eyes. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography revealed a FTMH with retinoschisis in the right eye and another FTMH in the left eye. ILM peeling with inverted ILM flap technique was performed on the right eye and ILM peeling with anterior lens capsular flap technique was performed on the left eye. Post-operative follow-up showed successful closure of the FTMH and improved vision in both eyes. In our present case, flap-assisted techniques for retinitis pigmentosa with macular hole result in excellent visual and anatomic outcomes.

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