Flavobacterium psychrophilum infections in salmonid fish

Journal of Fish Diseases
Amin NematollahiFreddy Haesebrouck


Flavobacterium psychrophilum is the causative agent of bacterial cold water disease and rainbow trout fry syndrome, disease entities responsible for substantial economic losses in salmonid aquaculture. Problems associated with epizootics include high mortality rate, increased susceptibility to other diseases, high labour costs of treatment and the enormous expenditure on chemotherapy. Despite the increasing significance of the disease, the pathogenesis of F. psychrophilum infections has only been partially elucidated, hampering the development of preventive measures to efficiently combat this disease condition. This literature review discusses the agent and the disease it causes, with emphasis on the bacterium-host interactions.


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