Apr 14, 2014

The motor neuron-like cell line NSC-34 and its parent cell line N18TG2 have glycogen that is degraded under cellular stress

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Simon JolyPeter J Lockhart

Abstract

Brain glycogen has a long and versatile history: Primarily regarded as an evolutionary remnant, it was then thought of as an unspecific emergency fuel store. A dynamic role for glycogen in normal brain function has been proposed later but exclusively attributed to astrocytes, its main storage site. Neuronal glycogen had long been neglected, but came into focus when sensitive technical methods allowed quantification of glycogen at low concentration range and the detection of glycogen metabolizing enzymes in cells and cell lysates. Recently, an active role of neuronal glycogen and even its contribution to neuronal survival could be demonstrated. Our studies continue these investigations on the function and regulation of neuronal glycogen metabolism. We demonstrate the presence of an active glycogen metabolism in the neuronal cell lines NSC-34 and N18TG2 and the mobilization of the glycogen stores under hypoxia, oxidative and acidic metabolic stress. The key enzyme in glycogen degradation is glycogen phosphorylase. Neurons express only the brain isoform (GPBB) that is supposed to be activated primarily by the allosteric activator AMP and less by covalent phosphorylation via the cAMP cascade. Our results indicate that neuronal glyc...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
Recombination, Genetic
Genomics
Massively-Parallel Sequencing
Nucleotides
Base Sequence
Genetic Structures
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Population Group

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