Fluid Overload is Associated with Underestimation of Serum Creatinine in Cardiac Surgery Patients: A Retrospective Analysis

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Jifu JinXiaoqiang Ding

Abstract

Background: Fluid overload is related to the development and prognosis of cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI). The study is to investigate the influence of serum creatinine (SCr) corrected by fluid balance on the prognosis of patients with cardiac surgery. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 1334 patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery from January 1 to December 31, 2015. Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria for AKI were applied to identify CSA-AKI. SCr was measured every 24 hours during ICU period and was accordingly adjusted for cumulative fluid balance. Change in SCr, defined as ∆Crea, was determined by difference between before and after adjustment for cumulative fluid balance. All patients were divided as three groups: underestimation group (∆Crea ≥ P 75 ), normal group (P 25 < ∆Crea < P 75 ) and overestimation group (∆Crea ≤ P 25 ). Results: The incidence of AKI increased from 29.5% to 31.8% after adjustment for fluid balance. Patients in underestimation group showed prolonged length of ICU stay compared with normal group and overestimation group (3.2[1.0-3.0] vs 2.1[1.0-3.0] d, P < 0.001; 3.2[1.0-3.0] vs 2.3[1.0-3.0] d, P < 0.001). Length of hospi...Continue Reading

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