PMID: 108915Mar 1, 1979

Fluid pathways in temporal bones

Acta Oto-laryngologica
T PalvaJ Ylikoski


Five temporal bones were serially sectioned and studied concerning spread of erythrocytes and blood-derived precipitate in patients who died from subarachnoid hemorrhage. Erythrocytes followed the natural pathways--the cochlear aqueduct, the cochlear, vestibular, facial and glossopharyngeal nerves, and were demonstrable in the inner ear fluid spaces. The temporal bone marrow spaces were also filled with erythrocytes, particularly in the hypotympanal area. In the microimmunoelectrophoresis, no specific precipitation lines formed between the anti-CSF serum from rabbits and middle ear exudate from human ears with acute otitis media. Although, in animals, middle ear spaces have been shown to be connected to the middle ear space this does not seem to apply to human ears, and CSF fluid components are not involved in the formation of middle ear exudate.


Jul 1, 1975·Acta Oto-laryngologica·D J Lim, B Hussl
Mar 1, 1976·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·W J Arnold
Apr 1, 1973·The Laryngoscope·H SilversteinA Belal
Aug 1, 1972·Archives of Otolaryngology·T PalvaJ Kärjä
Nov 1, 1973·Acta Oto-laryngologica·T PalvaR Nousiainen
Dec 1, 1971·Acta Oto-laryngologica·T Palva, V Raunio
Feb 1, 1969·Acta Oto-laryngologica·T Palva, V Raunio
Aug 1, 1970·Acta Oto-laryngologica·T Palva
Apr 1, 1968·The Journal of Laryngology and Otology·H B Holden, H F Schuknecht
Jul 1, 1968·Acta Oto-laryngologica·T Palva, V Raunio
Jan 1, 1957·International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology·C WADSWORTH


Jun 1, 1988·The Laryngoscope·M V GoycooleaP Schachern
Nov 1, 1986·Acta Oto-laryngologica·B DensertH Sheppard
Dec 1, 1982·Ophthalmology·D F MarcusT C Burton
Jul 1, 1983·American Journal of Otolaryngology·B Carlborg, J C Farmer
Sep 1, 1983·American Journal of Otolaryngology·L E Davis, L G Johnsson

Related Concepts

Cell Motility
Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins
Immunodiffusion Measurement
Immune Sera
Labyrinthine Fluids
Otitis Media
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Spontaneous

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