Jun 13, 2008

Fluid shear stress regulates the expression of TGF-beta1 and its signaling molecules in mouse embryo mesenchymal progenitor cells

The Journal of Surgical Research
Hao WangChangyi Chen


Recently we reported that fluid shear stress promotes endothelial cell differentiation from a mouse embryo mesenchymal progenitor cell line C3H10T1/2. However, it is not clear whether the transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) system is associated with shear-induced endothelial differentiation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of shear stress on the expression of TGF-beta1 and its signaling molecules in C3H10T1/2 cells. Murine C3H10T1/2 cells were incubated on collagen Type 1-coated dishes, and subjected to a steady fluid shear stress of 15 dyn/cm(2) for 6, 12, and 24 h. The mRNA levels for TGF-beta1, TGF-beta receptors (TGF-beta R), and Smad molecules were determined with real-time PCR analysis and normalized to glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA levels. TGF-beta1 mRNA expression was down-regulated by 60% and 66% in shear stress-treated cells at 12 and 24 h, respectively, compared with static control group (P < 0.01). In addition, shear stress significantly decreased TGF-beta R1 mRNA levels by 30% and 50% in shear stress-treated cells at 12 and 24 h, respectively (P < 0.01). For TGF-beta R2, shear stress at 6, 12, and 24 h significantly reduced its expression by 93%, 95% and 97%, respecti...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Signaling Molecule
Immunofluorescence Assay
Biochemical Pathway
Smad Proteins
Transforming Growth Factor beta
Stress, Mechanical
Entire Embryo

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