PMID: 4226194Aug 1, 1966Paper

Fluid transport in the rabbit gallbladder. A combined physiological and electron microscopic study

The Journal of Cell Biology
G I KayeN Lane

Abstract

The fine structure of the rabbit gallbladder has been studied in specimens whose functional state was undetermined, which were fixed either in situ or directly after removal from the animal; in specimens whose rate of fluid absorption was determined, either in vivo or in vitro, immediately prior to fixation; and in specimens from bladders whose absorptive function was experimentally altered in vitro. Considerable variation was found in the width of the epithelial intercellular spaces in the bladders whose functional state was undefined. In bladders known to be transporting fluid, either in vivo or in vitro, the intercellular spaces were always distended, as were the subepithelial capillaries. This distension was greatest in bladders which had been functioning in vitro. When either Na(+) or Cl(-) was omitted from the bathing media, there was no fluid transport across the wall of the gallbladder studied in vitro. The epithelial intercellular spaces of biopsies taken from several bladders under these conditions were of approximately 200 A width except for minor distension at the crests of mucosal folds. The addition of the missing ion rapidly led to the reestablishment of fluid transport and the distension of the intercellular spa...Continue Reading

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