Fluorescence measurements of free Ca2+ concentration in human erythrocytes using the Ca2+-indicator fura-2

Cell Calcium
M David-DufilhoM A Devynck


We report here the use of the fluorescent Ca2+-chelator fura-2 to directly measure free Ca2+ concentration within intact human erythrocytes and the influence of viscosity on the fluorescence of this probe. The bright fluorescence of fura-2 has permitted the use of low concentrations of indicator and cells, thus minimizing the screening effect and the intrinsic fluorescence of haemoglobin. Erythrocytes (10(8) cells/ml) were loaded with 0.5 microM fura-2AM then diluted at 10(7) cells per ml for measurements. The extracellular signal was suppressed by addition of manganese ions just before recording spectra. Under these conditions, a blood sample of 100 microliter was sufficient for analysis. To study the influence of viscosity on fura-2 fluorescence, gelatin and polyvinylpyrrolidone at various concentrations were added to a physiological buffer to perform fura-2-Ca fluorescence standard curves. Fluorescence intensities and the apparent affinity constant for Ca2+ were modified by viscosity. When intra-erythrocytic viscosity was simulated with 21 g/l polyvinylpyrrolidone to obtain a mean viscosity of 14 mPa.s similar to that observed in human erythrocytes, the mean value of free Ca2+ concentration measured in erythrocytes from heal...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Chelator (genus)
Chelating Agents
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Fluorescent stain
Hemoglobin Measurement
Specimen Type - Erythrocytes
Red Blood Cell Count Measurement

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