Fluorescence titrations of residue 59 and tyrosine in Kyn 59-RNase T1 and NFK 59-RNase T1

Journal of Biochemistry
Y Fukunaga, F Sakiyama


Fluorescence titrations of kynurenine and tyrosine in Kyn 59-RNase T1 and NFK 59-RNase T1 were carried out by monitoring protein fluorescence through a pH change from 1.5 to 10.5. In the titration of kynurenine fluorescence at 455 nm, a few small but distinct quenching events occurred between pH 3.5 and 9.5. Three ionizable groups were found to be responsible for the individual steps of quenching observed. These groups are Glu 58 with pKa 4.6, His 40 or 92 with pKa 7.8 and Lys 41 with pKa 8.7. From this result, a subtle conformational change associated with the proton dissociation equilibria of Glu 58 and His 40 or 92 in the active site of Kyn 59-RNase T1 is suggested. The pH-titration behavior of tyrosine fluorescence in Kyn 59-RNase T1 was different from that of kynurenine fluorescence. Two acidic groups with pKa's 3.2 and 6.5 were detected as perturbants. In NFK 59-RNase T1, both N'-formylkynurenine and tyrosine showed almost the same fluorescence behavior during titration, which was characterized by two transitions between pH 3 and 8 in each titration curve. Two ionizable groups with pKa's 3.7-3.8 and 6.7-6.8 were determined. The role of the latter ionizable group is discussed in relation to the enzyme function of RNase T1....Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Ribonuclease T1 Activity
Macromolecular Alteration
Ribonuclease T1
Kynurenine 62-lysozyme
Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Alkaline Ribonuclease
Protein Conformation

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.