Jan 1, 1982

Fluorimetric analysis of the binding of warfarin to human serum albumin. Equilibrium and kinetic study

Molecular Pharmacology
V MaesA Vercruysse


Binding of warfarin to human serum albumin results in a red shift of the UV absorption maximum, suggesting that the binding site is a hydrophobic area of the protein. The enhancement of the fluorescence of warfarin upon binding to human serum albumin was used to study the binding equilibrium and the kinetics of this drug-protein interaction. From equilibrium fluorescence measurements, contributions from free and bound warfarin could be evaluated. From the resulting Scatchard plots, equilibrium constants ranging from 4.2 X 10(5) to 3.5 X 10(5) M-1 for temperatures from 8 degrees to 37 degrees were calculated. The reaction is slightly exothermic (delta H = -1.2 kcal m mole-1) and strongly entropy-driven (delta S = +21 cal . mole-1 . K-1). The reaction rate constants of the warfarin-albumin interaction were determined by the stopped-flow technique. The association rate constant varies from 2.2 X 10(5) to 7.7 X 10(5) M-1 sec-1 from 10 degrees to 32 degrees. The corresponding activation enthalpy is 9.0 kcal . mole-1. These values are not consistent with a diffusion-controlled reaction. The dissociation of the complex was studied by making use of the direct competition between warfarin and phenylbutazone for the same binding site. Th...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
Plasma Albumin
Metabolic Biotransformation

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.