DOI: 10.1101/462168Nov 5, 2018Paper

FMRP association with and regulation of Fragile X granules exhibit circuit-dependent requirements for the KH2 RNA binding domain

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
E. C. GingrichMichael R Akins

Abstract

The localization and translation of mRNAs is controlled by a diverse array of ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs), multimolecular complexes containing mRNAs and RNA binding proteins. Fragile X granules (FXGs) are a family of RNPs that exemplify the diversity of RNA granules in the mammalian nervous system. FXGs are found in a conserved subset of neurons, where they localize exclusively to the axonal compartment. Notably, the specific RNA binding proteins and mRNAs found in FXGs depend on brain circuit and neuron type, with all forebrain FXGs containing Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP), the protein mutated in the human autism-related disorder Fragile X syndrome. FMRP negatively regulates FXG abundance but is not required for their association with ribosomes or mRNA. To better understand the circuit-dependent mechanisms whereby FMRP associates with and regulates FXGs, we asked how a disease-causing point mutation, I304N, in the KH2 RNA binding domain of FMRP affects these granules in two brain regions - cortex and hippocampus. We found that FMRPI304N had a reduced association with FXGs, as it was absent from approximately half of FXGs in cortex and nearly all FXGs in hippocampus. FXG abundance correlated with the number...Continue Reading

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