Dec 25, 2012

Folate-functionalized nanoparticles for controlled ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one delivery

International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Xuhua LiangYing-Yong Zhao


To improve the therapeutic effect of ergosta-4,6,8(14),22-tetraen-3-one (ergone), a folate-decorated ergone-bovine serum albumin nanoparticles (abbreviated FA-ergone-BSANPs) was prepared. The properties were extensively studied by Zetasizer Nano Particle Size Analyzer and TEM, which indicated the prepared nanoparticles were spherical in shape and uniform in size with a zeta potential of -23.8 mV. The drug-loading capacity also has been determined with drug loading content of 2.73% and encapsulation efficiency of 61.8%. In vitro release studies proved the much slow drug release from the nanoparticles during circulating in the blood stream and the increase of drug release at the target sites. The FA-ergone-BSANPs showed enhanced cellular uptake, increased targeting capacity, and increased cytotoxicity against KB cells over-expressing folate receptor (FR), which indicated that its potent cell-killing activity is specific for cells that express the FR. In vivo experiment also confirmed that FA-ergone-BSANPs represent a FR-targeted chemotherapeutic that can produce potent activity against FR-positive tumors. In conclusion, this report has a great significance in pharmacology and clinical medicine as well as methodology. Further deta...Continue Reading

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