Apr 25, 1995

Folate receptor type gamma is primarily a secretory protein due to lack of an efficient signal for glycosylphosphatidylinositol modification: protein characterization and cell type specificity

F ShenManohar Ratnam


A novel isoform of the human folate receptor (FR, type gamma) was recently identified in hematopoietic tissues [Shen et al. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 1209-1215]. In that report, Cos-1 cells, transiently transfected with the cDNA for FR-gamma, produced relatively poor expression of the receptor on the cell surface. In this study, several recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines were produced by stable transfection with the cDNA for FR-gamma followed by amplification. Similar recombinant CHO cell lines were produced that expressed the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-(GPI-) anchored FR type beta and a truncated form of FR type beta (FR-beta delta), in which the normal carboxyl-terminal signal for GPI anchor attachment was deleted. Both FR-gamma-and FR-beta delta-expressing CHO cells produced a [3H]folic acid binding protein in the medium with a similar time course over a 24-h period; in contrast to intact FR-beta, relatively insignificant amounts of either FR-gamma or FR-beta delta were associated with the CHO cell surface and this was unaltered by the absence of serum in the medium. The FR-gamma- and FR-beta delta-producing CHO cells did not differ significantly in intracellular FR levels. Furthermore, the mRNA level for FR-...Continue Reading

  • References9
  • Citations64


  • References9
  • Citations64


Mentioned in this Paper

Ovarian Diseases
Folate Receptor 2
Chinese Hamster
Fluoride Measurement
Chimeric Proteins, Recombinant
Both Ovaries
Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Proteins, Recombinant DNA

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Coronavirus Protein Structures

Deciphering and comparing the proteins of different coronaviruses forms a basis for understanding SARS-CoV-2 evolution and virus-receptor interactions. This feed follows studies analyzing the structures of coronavirus proteins, thereby revealing potential drug target sites.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects girls due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.

ALS: Stress Granules

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by cytoplasmic protein aggregates within motor neurons. TDP-43 is an ALS-linked protein that is known to regulate splicing and storage of specific mRNAs into stress granules, which have been implicated in formation of ALS protein aggregates. Here is the latest research.

Fusion Oncoproteins in Childhood Cancers

This feed explores the function of fusion oncoproteins in specific childhood cancers, including those from racial/ethnic minority and underserved groups, and to provide preclinical assessment of potential therapeutics and how fusion oncoproteins influence gene expression to perturb normal cellular programs to block lineage differentiation and development

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis

Cytokinesis is the highly regulated process that physically separates daughter and mother cells in late mitosis. The mitotic-exit network (MEN), the signalling pathway that drives mitotic exit, directly regulates cytokinesis. Discover the latest research on mitotic-exit networks with cytokinesis here.

DNA Replication Origin

DNA replication is initiated as specific gene sequences, called origins, that function to start DNA replication. Pre-replication complexes are assembled at these origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. These sequences allow for targeted activation or deactivation of replication. Discover the latest research on DNA replication origins here.