Jun 10, 2015

Folic acid inhibits COLO-205 colon cancer cell proliferation through activating the FRα/c-SRC/ERK1/2/NFκB/TP53 pathway: in vitro and in vivo studies

Scientific Reports
Chun-Ting KuoWen-Sen Lee

Abstract

To investigate the molecular mechanism underlying folic acid (FA)-induced anti-colon caner activity, we showed that FA caused G0/G1 arrest in COLO-205. FA activated the proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src (c-SRC)-mediated signaling pathway to enhance nuclear factor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells (NFκB) nuclear translocation and binding onto the tumor protein p53 (TP53) gene promoter, and up-regulated expressions of TP53, cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (CDKN1A) and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B). Knock-down of TP53 abolished FA-induced increases in the levels of CDKN1A and CDKN1B protein and G0/G1 arrest in COLO-205. Knock-down of folate receptor alpha (FRα) abolished FA-induced activations in the c-SRC-mediated pathway and increases in the levels of CDKN1A, CDKN1B and TP53 protein. These data suggest that FA inhibited COLO-205 proliferation through activating the FRα/c-SRC/mitogen-activated protein kinase 3/1 (ERK1/2)/NFκB/TP53 pathway-mediated up-regulations of CDKN1A and CDKN1B protein. In vivo studies demonstrated that daily i.p. injections of FA led to profound regression of the COLO-205 tumors and prolong the lifespan. In these tumors, the levels of CDKN1A, CDKN1B and TP53 p...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

TP53 gene
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor Proteins
In Vivo
Fanconi Anemia
Biochemical Pathway
C 205
EPHB2
SRC gene
Map2k3 protein, mouse
Gene Knockdown Techniques

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