PMID: 12954522Sep 5, 2003

Follow-up of users of intrauterine device with and without bacterial vaginosis and other cervicovaginal infections

Raquel Ferraz do LagoIlza Monteiro


This study aimed to assess the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and other cervicovaginal infections, as well as the incidence of complications among new users of IUD, 1 and 6 months after its insertion, in the City of Campinas, Brazil. A total of 223 women who had a TCu-380A IUD inserted from May through November 2001, were included in the study. After the IUD insertion all women were scheduled to two additional visits: after 1 month and after 6 months, when they were interviewed and a pelvic examination was performed, along with a collection of specimens from the vagina and the endocervix for laboratory testing. The Nugent's criterion was used for the BV diagnosis. They were also evaluated with regard to presence of complications possibly related to IUD insertion and use, i.e., abnormal bleeding, dysmenorrhea, expulsion and pelvic inflammatory disease. The prevalence of cervicovaginal infections was 29.1%, BV being the most frequent (19.7%). Dysmenorrhea was more frequent among women with BV than among women without BV (p = 0.03). A trend of abnormal bleeding being more frequent among women with BV was also found. In conclusion, BV after 1 month of IUD insertion was not associated with IUD complications, with the excepti...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Candida utilis
Candidiasis of Vagina
Cervix Diseases
Chlamydia Infections
Chlamydia trachomatis
Unmedicated IUDs
Vaginal Diseases
Bacterial Vaginosis

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