Dec 18, 2018

Following spinal cord injury, PDE4B drives an acute, local inflammatory response and a chronic, systemic response exacerbated by gut dysbiosis and endotoxemia

Neurobiology of Disease
Scott A MyersScott R Whittemore

Abstract

Emerging evidence links changes in the gut microbiome and intestinal barrier function to alterations in CNS function. We examined the role of endotoxin-responsive, cAMP-specific, Pde4 subfamily b (Pde4b) enzyme in gut dysbiosis induced neuro-inflammation and white matter loss following spinal cord injury (SCI). Using a thoracic contusion model in C57Bl/6 wild type female mice, SCI led to significant shifts in the gut bacterial community including an increase in the phylum Proteobacteria, which consists of endotoxin-harboring, gram-negative bacteria. This was accompanied by increased systemic inflammatory marker, soluble CD14, along with markers of the endoplasmic reticulum stress response (ERSR) and inflammation in the SCI epicenter. Deletion of Pde4b reduced epicenter expression of markers for the ERSR and inflammation, at both acute and chronic time points post-SCI. Correspondingly, expression of oligodendrocyte mRNAs increased. Within the injury penumbra, inflammatory protein markers of activated astrocytes (GFAP), macrophage/microglia (CD11b, Iba1), and the proinflammatory mediator Cox2, were decreased in Pde4b-/- mice. The absence of Pde4b improved white matter sparing and recovery of hindlimb locomotion following injury. ...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Post-Traumatic Myelopathy
Biological Markers
Biological Adaptation to Stress
Endotoxemia
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
ITGAM
GFAP
Response to Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
C57BL/6 Mouse
Analgesics, Anti-Inflammatory

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