DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/detc1995-0548Mar 5, 2021Proceedings Paper

Forced Wave Propagation in Elastic Cables With Small Curvature

N. C. Perkins, M. Behbahani-Nejad

Abstract

This study presents an investigation of the coupled longitudinal-transverse waves that propagate along an elastic cable. The coupling considered derives from the equilibrium curvature (sag) of the cable. A mathematical model is presented that describes the three-dimensional nonlinear response of a long elastic cable. An asymptotic form of this model is derived for the linear response of cables having small equilibrium curvature. Linear in-plane response is described by coupled longitudinal-transverse partial differential equations of motion, which are comprehensively evaluated herein. The spectral relation governing propagating waves is derived using transform methods. In the spectral relation, three qualitatively distinct frequency regimes exist that are separated by two cut-off frequencies. This relation is employed in deriving a Green’s function which is then used to construct solutions for in-plane response under arbitrarily distributed harmonic excitation. Analysis of forced response reveals the existence of two types of periodic waves which propagate through the cable, one characterizing extension-compressive deformations (rod-type) and the other characterizing transverse deformations (string-type). These waves may propag...Continue Reading

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