PMID: 39225Jul 1, 1979

Formation of higher alcohols by Saccharomyces carlsbergensis from branched-chain amino acids and their keto analogs

S E RabinovichI M Gracheva


A new method of chemical synthesis of alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (the keto analogue of L-leucine) is described. It has been shown that the resting cells of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis 776, in the stationary state of biomass, produce mainly higher alcohols: isobutanol from L-valine and its keto analogue; optically active amylol only from L-isoleucine and its keto analogue; isoamylol only from L-leucine and its keto analogue. "Nonspecific" formation of n-propanol from L-valine, L-isoleucine and their keto analogues, as well as that of isobutanol from L-isoleucine and its keto analogue, has been also found at pH 7.0. Formation of higher alcohols from alpha-keto acids has an acidic pH optimum while that from L-amino acids has a neutral or a weakly alkaline pH optimum. Formation of isobutanol from L-valine is an exception. The dependence of higher alcohol formation on the pH and the kinetics of their accumulation suggest that higher alcohols are produced from L-amino acids in at least three sequential reactions: transamination, decarboxylation of the keto analogue being formed, and reduction of the aldehyde; formation of higher alcohols from alpha-keto acids involves two reactions: decarboxylation and reduction. Transamination and d...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Keto Acids
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Isobutyl alcohol
Hexanoic Acids
Alcohol Biosynthetic Process

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