PMID: 4378429Nov 1, 1974

Formation of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis in human lung tissue and cells before release

The Journal of Experimental Medicine
R A LewisK F Austen

Abstract

The capacity to extract slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) from human lung tissue or cells after immunologic activation, together with the measurement of SRS-A in both the extract and the surrounding fluid, permits study of total SRS-A generation. That the material extracted is SRS-A was established by both differential bioassay and purification. SRS-A accumulation was entirely intracellular after limited IgE-dependent direct or reversed anaphylactic activation. Intracellular accumulation also generally preceded release, with generation of SRS-A continuing well beyond a plateau in the cellular SRS-A level and the release of preformed mediators. The quantity of SRS-A generated after immunologic activation was modulated by the introduction of exogenous cyclic nucleotides, revealing a site of cyclic nucleotide action distinct from that on mediator release. The capacity to determine not only the release of preformed mediators but also the generation of a newly formed mediator, the sum of SRS-A in cells and supernate, adds an additional dimension to the analysis of the cellular events of immediate hypersensitivity.

References

Sep 1, 1972·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·M KalinerK F Austen
Aug 9, 1973·The New England Journal of Medicine·M KalinerK F Austen
Nov 27, 1969·The New England Journal of Medicine·M OgawaO R McIntyre

Related Concepts

Cyclic AMP, (R)-Isomer
Anaphylaxis
Metazoa
Antigens
Bucladesine, Barium (1: 1) Salt
Cyclic GMP
Cavia porcellus
Immunoglobulin E
IgG2B
Variolation

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