PMID: 8502394May 1, 1993

Fort Polk Heart Smart Program. Part III: Assessment of dietary intake of military wives

Military Medicine
T A NicklasG S Berenson


Dietary intake of military wives and factors that influence nutrition of military families were examined in 186 military wives--67% white, 18% black, 11% Hispanic, and 4% other. The ages ranged from 19 to 45 years (mean = 28.7 years). The observations show that 1.7 meals per day were shared by all family members. Due to differences in energy intake and RDAs by age, dietary intakes were assessed in two age groups: 19-24 years (N = 51) and 25-45 years (N = 135). For both age groups, total energy intakes were lower than the RDAs, and the dietary composition was 52% carbohydrate (CHO), 14% protein, and 34% fat. Military wives 25-45 years old consumed more CHO in the form of sugar compared to the younger wives, who consumed more CHO in the form of starch. Some families require food stamps and are in the WIC program. There were no age differences in the type of protein or fat consumed, averaging 66% animal protein and 12% saturated fat. Dietary cholesterol intake was 229 mg for wives 19-24 and 243 mg for older wives and, based on approximately 1,900 kcal, dietary cholesterol exceeded 100 mg/1,000 kcal in both age groups. Sodium intake averaged 3.2 g. Forty-five percent of the military wives did not meet two-thirds of the RDA for vita...Continue Reading

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