PMID: 3128140Jan 1, 1988Paper

Foundation for the understanding of ventilation-perfusion ratio abnormalities

Der Anaesthesist
P RadermacherK J Falke

Abstract

Understanding the mismatching of ventilation and perfusion (VA/Q) is of special interest in the intensive care setting because - given a stable cardiac output and a given inspiratory oxygen fraction - it allows one to explain certain essential respiratory problems in critically ill patients, namely hypoxemia and hypercarbia. Several different methods are available today for the evaluation VA/Q mismatching. Analysis of the PCO2 and PO2 in arterial and mixed venous blood and mixed expired gas yields information about the quality and the degree of the mismatching present. Calculation of the physiologic dead space (VD/VT) and venous admixture (QVA/QT) from the PCO2 and PO2 data allow the VA/Q mismatching to be quantified according to a three-compartment model of the lung. Determination of the arterial-alveolar nitrogen partial-pressure difference permits a more precise estimation of the true right-to-left shunt as a cause of arterial hypoxemia, but the measurement of the arterial PN2 remains a delicate procedure. The multiple inert gas elimination technique permits virtually continuous ventilation-perfusion distributions to be described over the whole range of VA/Q ratios and has contributed to explaining the pathophysiological mec...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Related Papers

Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Supplementum
P Radermacher, K J Falke
Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
M P Hlastala
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved