DOI: 10.1101/462135Nov 5, 2018Paper

FRACTIONAL DELETION OF COMPOUND KUSHEN INJECTION, A NATURAL COMPOUND MIXTURE, INDICATES CYTOKINE SIGNALING PATHWAYS ARE CRITICAL FOR ITS PERTURBATION OF THE CELL CYCLE.

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
T. N. AungDavid L Adelson

Abstract

We have used computational and experimental biology approaches to identify candidate mechanisms of action of a traditional Chinese medicine. Compound Kushen Injection (CKI), in a breast cancer cell line in which CKI causes apoptosis. Because CKI is a complex mixture of plant secondary metabolites, we used a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fractionation and reconstitution approach to define chemical fractions required for CKI to induce apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 cells. Our initial fractionation separated major from minor compounds, and showed that the major compounds accounted for little of the activity of CKI. By systematically perturbing the major compounds in CKI we found that removal of no single major compound could alter the effect of CKI on cell viability and apoptosis. However, simultaneous removal of two major compounds identified oxymatrine and oxysophocarpine as critical compounds with respect to CKI activity. We then used RNA sequencing and transcriptome analysis to correlate compound removal with gene expression and phenotype data. We determined that many compounds in CKI are required for its effectiveness in triggering apoptosis but that significant modulation of its activity is conferred by a small numb...Continue Reading

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