Fragile heroes. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on health-care workers in Italy

PloS One
Chiara ContiPiero Porcelli

Abstract

This survey-based study aimed to explore the mental health status and psychological care needs of 933 health-care workers in Italy during the COVID-19 outbreak. Sociodemographic data, exposure to COVID-19, perception of psychological care needs, depression, anxiety, somatization, and post-traumatic symptoms were concurrently assessed. The majority of the sample (71%) suffered from somatization and 55% of distress. Female care workers experienced higher levels of anxiety (d = 0.50) and somatization symptoms (d = 0.82) and stated they needed psychological care more than men (p < .001). Younger participants (aged <40 years-old) reported higher levels of somatization, depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic symptoms (effects size range from d = 0.22 to d = 0.31). Working in a high infected area (red-zones) and directly with COVID-19 patients (front-line) affected the psychological health of participants to a smaller degree. Health-care workers who lost one of their patients reported higher levels of depression (d = 0.22), anxiety (d = 0.19), post-traumatic symptoms (d = 0.30), and psychological care needs than those who did not have the same experience (p < .01). Health-care workers who perceived the need for psychological support ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Feb 5, 2021·PloS One·Espen Saxhaug KristoffersenKashif Waqar Faiz
Jan 21, 2021·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Maria SarapultsevaAlexey Sarapultsev
Mar 7, 2021·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Celina Silvia StafieIrina Iuliana Costache
Jun 3, 2021·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Mariagrazia Di GiuseppeCiro Conversano
Jul 3, 2021·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Andrea AgugliaMario Amore
Jul 3, 2021·International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health·Edlaine Faria de Moura VillelaStijn Van Hees
Aug 14, 2021·Journal of Medical Virology·Giacomo FarìMarisa Megna

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