Free fatty acids increase hepatic glycogen content in obese males

Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
G AllickH P Sauerwein


Obesity is associated with increased hepatic glycogen content. In vivo and in vitro data suggest that plasma free fatty acids (FFA) may cause this increase. In this study we investigated the effect of physiological plasma FFA levels on hepatic glycogen metabolism by studying intrahepatic glucose pathways in lean and obese subjects. Six lean and 6 obese males were studied twice during a 16- to 22-hour fast, once with and once without acipimox, an inhibitor of lipolysis. Intrahepatic glucose fluxes were measured by infusion of [2-(13C1)]glycerol, [1-(2H1)]galactose, and [U-(13C6)]glucose. Acetaminophen was administered as a glucuronate probe. In both lean and obese control studies, plasma FFA levels increased progressively, whereas acipimox completely suppressed plasma FFA levels for the whole study period. In lean males glycogenolysis did not change in the acipimox study, but decreased in the control study (P < .01). In lean males, neither glycogen synthesis, glycogen synthesis retained as glycogen, nor glycogen balance differed between control and acipimox studies. In obese males glycogenolysis did not change in the acipimox study, but decreased in the control study (P < .01). Glycogen synthesis did not change in either study. ...Continue Reading


Sep 1, 1997·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·M K HellersteinA Letscher
Feb 24, 1998·Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental·R L DobbinsA D Cherrington
Jul 10, 1998·Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism·I LladóA Pons
Feb 2, 1999·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·X ChenG Boden
Oct 21, 2000·European Journal of Clinical Nutrition·D Elahi, D C Muller
Jun 19, 2002·Journal of Applied Physiology·Jeff K TrimmerGeorge A Brooks
Apr 5, 2003·American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism·Tony K T LamAdria Giacca

Related Concepts

Antilipemic agent
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Anhydrous Dextrose
Insulin B Chain
Liver Glycogen

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.