Oct 29, 2018

Frequency- and area-specific entrainment of intrinsic cortical oscillations by repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Yuka O OkazakiKeiichi Kitajo

Abstract

Neural oscillations are ubiquitous throughout the cortex, but the frequency of oscillations differs from area to area. To elucidate the mechanistic architectures establishing various rhythmic activities, we tested whether spontaneous neural oscillations in different cortical modules can be entrained by direct perturbation with distinct frequencies of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). While recording the electroencephalogram (EEG), we applied single-pulse TMS (sTMS) and repetitive TMS (rTMS) at 5, 11, and 23 Hz to motor or visual cortex. To assess entrainment, defined as phase locking of intrinsic oscillations to periodic external force , we examined local and global modulation of the phase-locking factor (PLF). sTMS triggered transient phase locking in a wide frequency band with distinct PLF peaks at 21 Hz in the motor cortex and 8 Hz in the visual cortex. With TMS pulse trains of 11 Hz over visual cortex and 23 Hz over motor cortex, phase locking was progressively enhanced at the stimulation frequency and lasted for a few cycles after the stimulation terminated. Moreover, such local entrainment propagated to other cortical regions, suggesting that rTMS entrained intrinsic neural oscillations locally and globally via net...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

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Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Electroencephalography
Neuroma
Brain
PLF
Structure of Cortex of Kidney
Brain Function
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Repetitive
Entire Brodmann Areas 17 (Striate Cortex),18 (Parastriate Cortex) and 19 (Peristriate Cortex) of Occipital Lobe

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