PMID: 6511560Dec 1, 1984

Frequency dependence of plethysmographic measurement of thoracic gas volume

Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
R Brown, A S Slutsky


With airways obstruction, panting frequency affects plethysmographically determined thoracic gas volume (Vtg) because the extrathoracic airway acts as a shunt capacitor. Stanescu et al. (19) suggested that in the calculation of Vtg, use of esophageal (delta Pes) rather than mouth pressure (delta Pm) swings might eliminate the problem. We measured total lung capacity (TLC) plethysmographically in 10 subjects with chronic airways obstruction (CAO) and in four normal subjects. TLC (using delta Pm) was derived from Vtg obtained from slow-(approximately 1 Hz) and fast- (approximately 4 Hz) panting frequencies. In the normal subjects and four subjects with CAO, TLC was also obtained using delta Pes. In these subjects abdominal gas compression and decompression did not contribute significantly to the frequency dependence of TLC. In CAO, TLC was frequency dependent in direct proportion to the severity of obstruction. Although the frequency dependence was greater using delta Pm to calculate Vtg, it also occurred using delta Pes. Thus it could not be explained entirely by the shunt capacitor effect of the extrathoracic airways. The residual and significant overestimations of TLC (reflected by frequency dependency of TLC derived from Vtg ...Continue Reading


Feb 1, 1988·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·K J DesmondA L Coates
Oct 12, 1999·Journal of Applied Physiology·J R RodarteR Pellegrino
Jan 1, 1991·Intensive Care Medicine·J MeyerM Wendt

Related Concepts

Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Volume Measurements
Total Lung Capacity

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.