Frequency of inherited bleeding disorders in women with menorrhagia

Lancet
R A KadirC A Lee

Abstract

Although menorrhagia is a common gynaecological symptom, a specific cause is identified in less than 50% of affected women. We investigated the frequency of inherited bleeding disorders in women with menorrhagia. Women referred for investigation of menorrhagia whose pelvis was normal on clinical examination and who had an estimated menstrual blood loss of more than 80 mL were studied. A detailed menstrual history and history about other bleeding symptoms was taken. The activated partial thromboplastin time, factor VIII activity, von-Willebrand-factor antigen and activity, and factor XI (FXI) were measured in all patients; further tests were done when results were at or outside the limits of the assays. 150 women were screened. An inherited bleeding disorder was diagnosed in 26 (17%) patients: the disorders were von Willebrand's disease of mild (15) or moderate severity (three), mild FXI deficiency (four), mild von Willebrand's disease and FXI deficiency (one), combined von Willebrand's disease, FXI deficiency, and factor X deficiency (one), carriage of haemophilia-A gene (one), and platelet dysfunction (one). The frequency of von Willebrand's disease and FXI deficiency were 13% (95% CI 7.9-18.8%) and 4% (1.5-8.5%), respectively...Continue Reading

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