Sep 23, 2014

Frequent mutations in NOTCH1 ligand-binding regions in Japanese oral squamous cell carcinoma

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Ken-Ichi AoyamaMinoru Kimura

Abstract

Recent studies showed that head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) of Caucasian, Chinese and Indian patients frequently have NOTCH1 mutations. We found eight of 84 OSCC in Japanese patients have point mutations (9.5%) correspond to the ligand binding region of NOTCH1 protein. Two set of them are the same mutations and all mutations are non-synonymous G>A transitions. In addition, median disease-free survival is significantly longer in patients with NOTCH1-mutated tumors as compared to those without the mutation (P<0.05). The protein structure simulation based on X-ray crystallography indicated that new p.A465T mutation leads to a conformational change of NOTCH1 ligand binding domain as well as the p.G481S mutant NOTCH1 with a loss of flexibility around this residue. These results suggest that NOTCH1 mutation occurs frequently in Japanese OSCC in the vicinity of the ligand binding region and, these mutations cause downregulation of the NOTCH1 function.

Mentioned in this Paper

TP53 gene
Ligand Binding
Exons
Notch
Neoplasms
Macromolecular Alteration
Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities
Integral to Membrane
Genetic Markers
Secondary Malignant Neoplasm of Lymph Node

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