DOI: 10.1101/503607Dec 22, 2018Paper

From genotype to antibiotic susceptibility phenotype in Enterobacteriaceae: a clinical perspective

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Etienne RuppéJacques Schrenzel

Abstract

Predicting the antibiotic susceptibility phenotype from genomic data is challenging, especially for some specific antibiotics in Enterobacteriaceae. Here we aimed to assess the performance of whole genomic sequencing (WGS) for predicting the antibiotic susceptibility in various Enterobacteriaceae species using the detection of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), specific mutations and a knowledge-based decision algorithm. We sequenced (Illumina MiSeq 2x250b) 187 clinical isolates from species possessing (n=98) or not (n=89) an intrinsic AmpC-type cephalosporinase. Antibiotic susceptibility was performed by the disc diffusion method. Reads were assembled by A5-miseq and ARGs were identified from the ResFinder database using Diamond. Mutations on GyrA and ParC topoisomerases were studied. We assessed the prediction rates for amoxicillin, co-amoxiclav, piperacillin, piperacillin-tazobactam, ceftazidime, cefepime, meropenem, amikacin, gentamicin and fluoroquinolones. A total of 1,870 isolate/antibiotic combinations were considered. In 295 cases (15.8%) no attempt of prediction was made. Among the 1,575 attempts, 1,537 (97.6%) were correct (1,011 for predicting susceptibility and 526 for predicting resistance), 15 (0.9%) were major ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Amikacin
Amoxicillin
Antibiotics
Ceftazidime
Chromosomes
Disease Susceptibility
Enterobacteriaceae
Genome
Piperacillin
Amoxicillin / Clavulanate

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