Functional and morphological study of cultured pancreatic islets treated with cyclosporine

Life Sciences
Mohammad A AjabnoorAdel Abdulrafee


Cyclosporine A (CsA), a potent immunosuppressive drug, has been found to induce glucose intolerance through its toxic effect on the endocrine pancreas. It is not exactly known whether CsA has a direct effect on the endocrine pancreas or induces its effect indirectly. The present study was therefore undertaken to examine the function and morphology of isolated pancreatic islets when they are directly exposed in vitro to CsA. Pancreatic islets were isolated from adult male Lewis rats using collagenase ductal perfusion technique. The islets were separated with the discontinuous Ficoll gradient technique and further purified by hand picking of the non-islet tissue. The islets were cultured in RPMI-1640, pH 7.4 and maintained at 37 degrees C in a humid atmosphere of 5% (v/v) carbon dioxide in air. Cyclosporine was added to the culture medium to give a final concentration of 1 microg/ml (therapeutic dose), 5 microg/ml (toxic dose), or vehicle (control). Islets were harvested at 1, 4 and 10 days of culture and processed for functional or histological study. The functional study of the islets cultured with 1 microg/ml CsA showed insulin and C-peptide contents similar to those of the control islets. The islets cultured with 5 microg/ml ...Continue Reading


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