Nov 11, 2013

Functional Annotation Signatures of Disease Susceptibility Loci Improve SNP Association Analysis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Edwin S IversenAlvaro N. A. Monteiro


We describe the development and application of a Bayesian statistical model for the prior probability of phenotype–genotype association that incorporates data from past association studies and publicly available functional annotation data regarding the susceptibility variants under study. The model takes the form of a binary regression of association status on a set of annotation variables whose coefficients were estimated through an analysis of associated SNPs housed in the GWAS Catalog (GC). The set of functional predictors we examined includes measures that have been demonstrated to correlate with the association status of SNPs in the GC and some whose utility in this regard is speculative: summaries of the UCSC Human Genome Browser ENCODE super–track data, dbSNP function class, sequence conservation summaries, proximity to genomic variants included in the Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) and known regulatory elements included in the Open Regulatory Annotation database (ORegAnno), PolyPhen–2 probabilities and RegulomeDB categories. Because we expected that only a fraction of the annotation variables would contribute to predicting association, we employed a penalized likelihood method to reduce the impact of non–informative...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Malignant Neoplasm of Stomach
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Database
Ovarian Carcinoma
Disease Susceptibility

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