Feb 23, 2019

Functional characterization of a putative DNA methyltransferase, EadM, in Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines by proteomic and phenotypic analyses

Scientific Reports
Hye-Jee ParkSang-Wook Han


Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines (Xag) is a phytopathogenic bacterium causing bacterial pustule disease in soybean. Functions of DNA methyltransferases have been characterized in animal pathogenic bacteria, but are poorly understood in plant pathogens. Here, we report that functions of a putative DNA methyltransferase, EadM, in Xag. An EadM-overexpressing strain, Xag(EadM), was less virulent than the wild-type carrying an empty vector, Xag(EV). Interestingly, the viable cell numbers of Xag(EadM) were much lower (10-fold) than those of Xag(EV) at the same optical density. Comparative proteomic analysis revealed that proteins involved in cell wall/membrane/envelope and iron-transport were more abundant. Based on proteomic analysis we carried out diverse phenotypic assays. Scanning electron microscopy revealed abnormal bacterial envelopes in Xag(EadM). Additionally, Xag(EadM) showed decreased stress tolerance against ciprofloxacin and sorbitol, but enhanced resistance to desiccation. Exopolysaccharide production in Xag(EadM) was also decreased. Production of siderophores, which are iron-chelators, was much higher in Xag(EadM). As in Xag, Escherichia coli expressing EadM showed significantly reduced (1000-fold) viable cell numbe...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Iron Chelating Agents
Glycine max
DNA Modification Methylases
Genetic Vectors
Colletotrichum axonopodi

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