Apr 29, 2020

MOSAIC: A Joint Modeling Methodology for Combined Circadian and Non-Circadian Analysis of Multi-Omics Data

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
H. De los SantosJennifer M. Hurley


Motivation: Circadian rhythms are approximately 24 hour endogenous cycles that control many biological functions. To identify these rhythms, biological samples are taken over circadian time and analyzed using a single omics type, such as transcriptomics or proteomics. By comparing data from these single omics approaches, it has been shown that transcriptional rhythms are not necessarily conserved at the protein level, implying extensive circadian post-transcriptional regulation. However, as proteomics methods are known to be noisier than transcriptomic methods, this suggests that previously identified arrhythmic proteins with rhythmic transcripts could have been missed due to noise and may not be due to post-transcriptional regulation. Results: To determine if one can use information from less-noisy transcriptomic data to inform rhythms in more-noisy proteomic data, and thus more accurately identify rhythms in the proteome, we have created the MOSAIC (Multi-Omics Selection with Amplitude Independent Criteria) application. MOSAIC combines model selection and joint modeling of multiple omics types to recover significant circadian and non-circadian trends. Using both synthetic data and proteomic data from Neurospora crassa, we sho...Continue Reading

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