Apr 21, 1998

Functional consequences of dysregulated B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) expression in B or T lymphocytes of transgenic mice

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
L Van ParijsA K Abbas


T cell activation and tolerance are regulated by interactions between CD28 or CTLA-4 on T cells and B7 costimulatory molecules on APCs. We have generated transgenic mouse strains that constitutively express B7-1 (CD80) at high levels on B cells or T cells or express B7-2 (CD86) on T lymphocytes to examine the consequences of dysregulated B7 expression on T cell responses. The transgene-derived B7 molecules are functional, because B7-1 transgenic B cells are more efficient APCs than are wild-type B cells, and the activation of B7 transgenic T cells is less dependent on exogenous costimulation than that of wild-type T cells. In vivo, constitutive expression of B7 molecules leads to the elimination of immature B cells. The expression of B7 molecules on thymocytes results in the down-regulation of CD28 expression. However, B7 transgenic mice have normal numbers of mature lymphocytes and mount normal T cell responses following immunization with protein Ag. Neither anergy induction nor superantigen-mediated deletion of T cells is altered by the dysregulated expression of B7-1 or B7-2 on B or T lymphocytes in these transgenic strains. Therefore, functionally significant levels of B7 expressed constitutively on mature lymphocytes are n...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

CD80 Antigens
Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens, Human
Cd86 protein, mouse
Autoimmune Diseases
Founder Mice, Transgenic

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases occur as a result of an attack by the immune system on the body’s own tissues resulting in damage and dysfunction. There are different types of autoimmune diseases, in which there is a complex and unknown interaction between genetics and the environment. Discover the latest research on autoimmune diseases here.