Apr 21, 1998

Functional consequences of dysregulated B7-1 (CD80) and B7-2 (CD86) expression in B or T lymphocytes of transgenic mice

The Journal of Immunology : Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
L Van ParijsA K Abbas

Abstract

T cell activation and tolerance are regulated by interactions between CD28 or CTLA-4 on T cells and B7 costimulatory molecules on APCs. We have generated transgenic mouse strains that constitutively express B7-1 (CD80) at high levels on B cells or T cells or express B7-2 (CD86) on T lymphocytes to examine the consequences of dysregulated B7 expression on T cell responses. The transgene-derived B7 molecules are functional, because B7-1 transgenic B cells are more efficient APCs than are wild-type B cells, and the activation of B7 transgenic T cells is less dependent on exogenous costimulation than that of wild-type T cells. In vivo, constitutive expression of B7 molecules leads to the elimination of immature B cells. The expression of B7 molecules on thymocytes results in the down-regulation of CD28 expression. However, B7 transgenic mice have normal numbers of mature lymphocytes and mount normal T cell responses following immunization with protein Ag. Neither anergy induction nor superantigen-mediated deletion of T cells is altered by the dysregulated expression of B7-1 or B7-2 on B or T lymphocytes in these transgenic strains. Therefore, functionally significant levels of B7 expressed constitutively on mature lymphocytes are n...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CD80 Antigens
T-Lymphocyte
Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens, Human
Cd86
Cd28
B-Lymphocytes
Cd86 protein, mouse
Autoimmune Diseases
Ctla4
Founder Mice, Transgenic

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