Apr 15, 2020

Sleep Induction by Mechanosensory Stimulation in Drosophila

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. Ozturk-ColakKyunghee Koh

Abstract

People tend to fall asleep when gently rocked or vibrated. Experimental studies have shown rocking promotes sleep in humans and mice. The prevailing "synchronization" model proposes synchronization of brain activity to mechanosensory stimuli mediates the phenomenon. The alternative "habituation" model proposes habituation, a form of non-associative learning, mediates sleep induction by monotonous stimulation. Here we show that gentle vibration promotes sleep in Drosophila in part through habituation. Vibration-induced sleep (VIS) leads to the accrual of homeostatic sleep credit, is associated with reduced arousability, and can be suppressed by heightened arousal. Sleep induction improves over successive blocks of vibration and exhibits stimulus specificity, supporting the habituation model. Multiple mechanosensory organs mediate VIS, and the magnitude of sleep gain depends on the vibration frequency and genetic background. Our findings suggest habituation is a major contributor to VIS, but synchronization of brain activity may play a role under certain stimulus conditions.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Muscle Rigidity
Phocidae
Physiologic Warmth
Motor protein
Neurons
Genetic Screening (Procedure)
Drosophila
Motor Neurons
Locomotion
Larva

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