Functional interactions of lipids and proteins in rat intestinal microvillus membranes

Biochemistry
T A BrasitusT G Mamouneas

Abstract

Interactions of lipids and proteins in isolated rat intestinal microvillus membranes were examined by studying the temperature dependence of enzyme activities and of D-glucose transport in relation to the membrane lipid thermotropic transition observed by fluorescence polarization (26 +/- 2 degrees C) and differential scanning calorimetry (23--39 degrees C). Two groups of activities were defined. Enzymes of the first group, comprising lactase, maltase, sucrase, leucine aminopeptidase, and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, all yielded a single slope on the Arrhenius plot in the range 10--40 degrees C and did not appear to experience functionally the effects of the lipid thermotropic transition. Each activity of the second group, comprising calcium- and magnesium-dependent adenosine triphosphatases, p-nitrophenylphosphatase, and D-glucose transport, showed a change in the slope of the Arrhenius plot in the range 25--30 degrees C, corresponding to the lower region of the lipid transition. The terms "extrinsic" and "intrinsic" activities could be applied to these groups. Delipidation of the particulate p-nitrophenylphosphatase removed the discontinuity in the Arrhenius plot. Subsequent relipidation with a variety of lipids restored a ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Ggt1
Ca(2+)-Transporting ATPase
Microvilli
Gamma-glutamyl transferase
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Anhydrous Dextrose
Exoglycosidases
DNA-dependent ATPase
Cell Surface Proteins

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