Nov 1, 2018

Functional Interrogation of Lynch Syndrome Associated MSH2 Missense Variants Using CRISPR-Cas9 Gene Editing in Human Embryonic Stem Cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Abhijit RathChristopher D Heinen

Abstract

Lynch syndrome (LS) is a hereditary cancer predisposition condition caused by inactivating germline mutations in one of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Identifying a deleterious germline mutation by DNA sequencing is important for confirming an LS diagnosis. Frameshift and nonsense mutations significantly alter the protein product and likely impair MMR function. However, the implication of a missense mutation is often difficult to interpret. Referred to as variants of uncertain significance (VUS), their discovery hampers the definitive LS diagnosis. To determine the pathogenic significance of a VUS it is helpful to know its impact on protein function. Functional studies in the test tube and in cellular models have been performed for some VUS, however, these studies have been limited by the artificial nature of the assays. We report here an improved functional assay in which we engineered site-specific MSH2 VUS using Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 gene editing in human embryonic stem cells. This approach introduces the variant into the endogenous MSH2 loci, while simultaneously eliminating the wild-type gene. We then characterized the impact of the variants on cellular MMR functions ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Short Tandem Repeat
Laboratory Procedures
Germ-Line Mutation
Mutation, Nonsense
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Genes
Gene Editing
Mismatch Repair
Pathogenic Organism

About this Paper

Related Feeds

CRISPR for Genome Editing

Genome editing technologies enable the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). Here is the latest research on the use of CRISPR-Cas system in gene editing.

CRISPR (general)

Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Discover the latest research on CRISPR here.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

CRISPR Ribonucleases Deactivation

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on mechanisms that underlie deactivation of CRISPR ribonucleases. Here is the latest research.

CRISPR Genome Editing & Therapy (Preprints)

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. This feed focuses on the application of this system for gene editing and therapy in human diseases.

CRISPR for Genome Editing (Preprints)

Genome editing technologies enable the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) are DNA sequences in the genome that are recognized and cleaved by CRISPR-associated proteins (Cas). Here are the latest preprints on the use of CRISPR-Cas system in gene editing.