Activity within fronto-striato-temporal regions during processing of unattended auditory deviant tones and an auditory target detection task was investigated using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging. Activation within the middle frontal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, anterior cingulate gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, thalamus, and basal ganglia were analyzed for differences in activity patterns between the two stimulus conditions. Unattended deviant tones elicited robust activation in the superior temporal gyrus; by contrast, attended tones evoked stronger superior temporal gyrus activation and greater frontal and striatal activation. The results suggest that attention enhances neural activation evoked by auditory pitch deviance in auditory brain regions, possibly through top-down control from the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex involved in goal-directed selection and response generation.
The effects of channel-selective attention on the mismatch negativity wave elicited by deviant tones
Infrequent events transiently activate human prefrontal and parietal cortex as measured by functional MRI
Combined event-related fMRI and EEG evidence for temporal-parietal cortex activation during target detection
Magnetoencephalographic recordings demonstrate attentional modulation of mismatch-related neural activity in human auditory cortex
Attention modulates activity in the primary and the secondary auditory cortex: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study in human subjects
Differential contribution of frontal and temporal cortices to auditory change detection: fMRI and ERP results
Reproducibility of the hemodynamic response to auditory oddball stimuli: a six-week test-retest study
Prefrontal cortex involvement in preattentive auditory deviance detection: neuroimaging and electrophysiological evidence
Neural substrates predicting improvement of tinnitus after cochlear implantation in patients with single-sided deafness
A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of discourse coherence in typically developing children
Different resting state brain activity and functional connectivity in patients who respond and not respond to bifrontal tDCS for tinnitus suppression
Bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex modulation for tinnitus by transcranial direct current stimulation: a preliminary clinical study
Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex transcranial magnetic stimulation and electrode implant for intractable tinnitus
Top down prefrontal affective modulation of tinnitus with multiple sessions of tDCS of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
Do tDCS and TMS influence tinnitus transiently via a direct cortical and indirect somatosensory modulating effect? A combined TMS-tDCS and TENS study
Fronto-temporal alterations within the first 200 ms during an attentional task distinguish major depression, non-clinical participants with depressed mood and healthy controls: a potential biomarker?
Impact of acoustic coordinated reset neuromodulation on effective connectivity in a neural network of phantom sound
Transcranial direct current stimulation for the treatment of tinnitus: a review of clinical trials and mechanisms of action
Effect of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Patients With Tinnitus: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review
Dual-site rTMS is More Effective than Single-site rTMS in Tinnitus Patients: A Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial.
Top-Down Inhibitory Mechanisms Underlying Auditory-Motor Integration for Voice Control: Evidence by TMS.
'Visual' cortices of congenitally blind adults are sensitive to response selection demands in a go/no-go task.
Basal Ganglia are a group of subcortical nuclei in the brain associated with control of voluntary motor movements, procedural and habit learning, emotion, and cognition. Here is the latest research.