Functional obstructed voiding in the neurologically normal patient

Current Urology Reports
Phillip P Smith, Rodney A Appell


Voiding dysfunction is common and often is the result of urethral obstruction to urine flow. Obstruction can be due to failure of the sphincteric mechanism to sufficiently relax. Such functional obstructions may have smooth and/or striated muscle components. Identifying and characterizing functional bladder outlet obstruction enables the physician to effectively treat these symptomatic patients.


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Related Concepts

Bladder Neck Obstruction
Differential Diagnosis
Smooth Muscle
Urethral Obstruction

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