DOI: 10.1101/471128Nov 17, 2018Paper

Functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for innovative boron-neutron capture therapy of resistant cancers

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Guillaume VaresHirotaka Sugawara

Abstract

Treatment resistance, relapse and metastasis remain critical issues in some challenging cancers, such as chondrosarcomas. Boron-neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) is a targeted radiation therapy modality that relies on the ability of boron atoms to capture low energy neutrons, yielding high linear energy transfer alpha particles. We have developed an innovative boron-delivery system for BNCT, composed of multifunctional fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (B-MSNs), grafted with an activatable cell penetrating peptide (ACPP) for improved penetration in tumors and with Gadolinium for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in vivo. Chondrosarcoma cells were exposed in vitro to an epithermal neutron beam after B-MSNs administration. BNCT beam exposure successfully induced DNA damage and cell death, including in radio-resistant ALDH+ cancer stem cells (CSCs), suggesting that BNCT using this system might be a suitable treatment modality for chondrosarcoma or other hard-to-treat cancers.

Related Concepts

Atomizers
Malignant Neoplasms
Cell Death
Chondrosarcoma
DNA Damage
Fluorescent Dyes
Gadolinium
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Neoplasms
Silicon Dioxide

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