PMID: 5404Jun 1, 1975

Further confirmation of carboxypeptidase Y as a metal-free enzyme having a reactive serine residue

Journal of Biochemistry
R HayashiT Hata

Abstract

The metal content of carboxypeptidase Y was analyzed by the atomic absorption method. After exhaustive dialysis against an EDTA solution, the enzyme showed no loss of activity nor any significant content of metals (Zh,Mg,Ca,Cu,Mn,Ni,Fe, and Co). The activity was, however, rather sensitive to preincubation with various metals. The reactivity of a serine residue of the enzyme was also reevaluated. Diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP) and phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) stoichiometrically and irreversively inhibited the enzyme. The rate of inactivation with DFP was much faster than that for typsin [EC 3.4.21.4] and chymotrypsin [EC 3.4.21.1.], while the rate with PMSF was one-fifteenth of that for chymotrypsin. The pH-dependence of the inactivation by DFP was similar to that of the enzymatic hydrolysis of acetylphenylalanine ethyl ester. The present results indicate that carboxypeptidase Y is free of metals and has a serine residue with a vital role in the catalytic process, though the functional role of this SH group remains to be clarified.

Related Concepts

Apoenzymes
Carboxypeptidase
Cations, Divalent
Cations, Monovalent
Avazyme
Physical Dialysis
Diuron
Edetic Acid, Sodium Salt
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Iron

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