PMID: 6433026Jul 1, 1984

Further evidence that thromboxane exacerbates arrhythmias: effects of UK38485 during coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion in anaesthetized greyhounds

Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
S J Coker

Abstract

The administration of the thromboxane synthetase inhibitor UK38485, 3 mg/kg i.v. 30 min prior to occlusion of the LAD in chloralose-anaesthetized dogs reduced the number of extrasystoles that occurred in the first 30 min of ischaemia from 832 +/- 158 in controls to 193 +/- 126 (P less than 0.01). VF induced by the release of the occlusion after 40 min was also markedly reduced from seven out of nine in controls to two out of seven in the drug group. UK38485 did not alter blood gases or haemodynamics prior to LAD occlusion and the changes in PO2, PCO2 and pH in blood draining from the ischaemic myocardium during occlusion were similar in control and drug-treated dogs. The haemodynamic changes induced by coronary artery occlusion were attenuated by UK38485. This drug also prevented the thromboxane release that normally occurs during acute myocardial ischaemia but did not suppress prostacyclin release. These results provide further evidence in support of the hypothesis that thromboxane is arrhythmogenic during acute myocardial ischaemia and is a particularly important contributory factor in reperfusion-induced VF.

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Related Concepts

Cardiac Arrhythmia
Arteries
Blood
Carbon Dioxide
Sinus Node Artery
Canis familiaris
Hemodynamics
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Ligature
Dioxygen

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